Centro Internazionale di Implantologia a Como – Dir. Sanitario Prof. Tiziano Testori

PERMANENT CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE ORAL CAVITY CANCER

PERMANENT CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE ORAL CAVITY CANCER

 

In our center, there is an active ongoing campaign against the oral cavity cancer . The Centre’s staff is extremely sensitive to the prevention and detection of this disease highly invasive and debilitating and implements all the necessary behaviors, during the visit of the patient, to detect any signs and lesions that may suggest a suspected tumor.
This type of cancer develops most frequently on the tongue and buccal mucosa and floor of the mouth.
Up to 40% of cases may be preceded by the presence of lesions “precancerous”.

WHO IS AFFECTED

In the Italian population, carcinomas of the oral cavity are:

7% of all cancers in man
1% of all cancers in women
12 new cases per year per 100,000 population
9 dead year (males between 35-64 years of age) per 100,000 population
2 dead year (females between 35-64 years of age) per 100,000 population

RISK FACTOR

The development of cancer is associated in 75% of cases with alcohol abuse and smoking. The combination of these two habits increase the risk of developing the disease by 15 times.
Poor oral hygiene further increases this risk.

Other factors:
– Repetitive microtrauma (chipped or fractured teeth, dentures incongruous, bad habits or trauma from repeated biting)
– A diet low in fruits and vegetables
– Infection with the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV16-18)

SUSPECT INJURIES

The mucosal area of the oral cavity are usually pink.

White patches (leukoplakia-Lichen planus)
Red patches (eritroplachie)
vegetations (papillomatosis)
Ulcerations and lesions bleed easily (erosive lichen) can be a wake-up call and should be reported to the dentist if not disappear spontaneously within 15 days.

PREVENTION

The prevention of oral cancer is implemented through:

Abstaining from smoking and from alcohol
A diet rich in fruits and vegetables
A thorough oral hygiene
Regular professional visits to the dentist
Self-examination of the oral cavity and report suspicious lesions

A late diagnosis means to reduce the possibility of healing therapies and tackle more complex.